Java vs Bedrock: Why are there two versions?
When Minecraft started to become popular in the early 2010s, there was only one platform and one release. Minecraft was created in Java and runs on Windows and Linux. Meanwhile, Bedrock started its life as Minecraft Pocket Edition, a version that is meant to work well on mobile devices, but which will eventually form the base of the Bedrock Edition.
The Bedrock Edition exists for several reasons. One is that Java has a lot of security vulnerabilities; A major vulnerability affected the Java version of Minecraft as recently as December 2021, where the Log4j vulnerability allowed users to execute code on a Minecraft server just by entering text into the game’s chat box. If you’re putting your game on every console out there, you probably don’t want to accidentally make them all hackable – as much as console runners would love to.
Java was not well optimized for 3D games like Minecraft, and it wouldn’t work well on the first round of consoles it was released on, which includes Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. Bedrock is a complete rebuild of Minecraft that both takes care of this security issue and allows Microsoft has made the game better for modern game console devices.
Java vs Bedrock: What’s the difference?
There are a number of differences between the Java and Bedrock versions of Minecraft, including some mechanical differences – Minecraft on Java has more combat moves, and some mobs and items have different variants – although Microsoft has made an effort in recent years to ensure that versions of Minecraft’s Bedrock come close. and java from each other, rather than spacing them apart.
Which version you want depends a little on your needs.
If you’re playing on a console or mobile device – Xbox, PlayStation, Switch, or Android/iOS device, you’ll play Bedrock. If you are one of the few playing on a Linux machine, you will be proud to run Java. So we’ll assume these gamers already know what they want and focus on the rest of us playing on Windows 10 and 11 PCs.
If you want to play with friends on other platforms, go to Bedrock and Realms.
So, all your friends play Minecraft, but some of them play on the computer, some on the Xbox, and some on their mobile devices. There are two options for cross-play. With Minecraft Bedrock, you can communicate with them whenever you want in a single-session multiplayer game – you can join your friend’s game, but only while you play as well – stored on the host user’s device. If you’re officially using Minecraft Realm, though, you can get a server that’s always online and accessible up front from Microsoft for a small monthly fee. Anyone in the Bedrock Edition you invite — which includes players on Xbox One, Series S, Series X, Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, 5, Android, iOS, Windows 10 and 11 — can join Realm and build anytime they want.
As a side note, if you’re planning to build your own server or pay another provider with more flexible server options, you’ll need to stick to your PC or take chances with shady hacks to get other versions working with servers, only Windows devices support connecting to Bedrock Edition’s dedicated servers.
If you want to go deeper into the modification, run the Java version.
You are not someone who leaves the game the way it was installed. You want to make it your own. This means not only texture packs and skins, but comprehensive mods that introduce new game mechanics, shader packs, and more. If this sounds like you, you’ll need to run the Java version.
If you have an old computer, run the Bedrock version.
The older your computer is, the more space you need to give it with games. Minecraft isn’t new, but Bedrock tends to work better on older systems due to poor Java optimization in general. Of course, Java will likely work fine – but the Bedrock version will give you a little more elbow room. Overall, if you want the most stable performance, the general consensus in the Minecraft community seems to be that Bedrock offers a smoother and more stable Java experience — regardless of whether your PC qualifies as a potato or high-tech.
If you want officially supported ray tracing, play the Bedrock version.
If you want the most advanced graphic effects and prefer the officially supported genre, Minecraft Bedrock Edition offers full integration with Nvidia’s ray tracing and upscaling features. Ray tracing lets you enjoy all kinds of light effects that completely change the look of the game, while Nvidia’s DLSS upgrade helps keep the game running smoothly by playing at lower resolutions and then using AI/deep learning to make the game look as if it was running at that original resolution. Minecraft Java Edition offers shader packs and other mods that can change the look of the game, but Bedrock is where the official support lies. At this time, you should be running an Nvidia RTX card of some sort – the newer the better.
If you want to see the beta versions first, run the Java version.
Although Bedrock is the main platform for Microsoft and Mojang, the Java Edition is still in active development, likely due to a smaller player base (remember, PC only) which is generally more tolerant of changes, often What you get Java experimental features first. If you want to see all that new stuff before you hit the official Bedrock branch of development, check out the Java version.
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